Why Are Power Plants in India Less Efficient than Power Plants in the United States?
Maureen Cropper, Hei Sing Chan and Kabir Malik ,
( 104 )
American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings

India's coal-fired generating capacity doubled between 1990 and 2010 and currently accounts for 70 percent of electricity produced. Despite this, thermal efficiency at state-owned coal-fired power plants in India is significantly lower than at plants in the United States. When matched on age and capacity, heat input per kWh was 8 percent higher at Indian plants between 1997 and 2009. This can only partly be explained by the lower heat content of Indian coal.

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