This article proposes a structural approach to measuring the effects of electoral accountability. We estimate a political agency model with imperfect information in order to identify and quantify discipline and selection effects, using data on U.S. governors. We find that the possibility of reelection provides a significant incentive for incumbents to exert effort, that is, a disciplining effect. We also find a positive but weaker selection effect.
A Structural Model of Electoral AccountabilityS. Boragan Aruoba, Allan Drazen, and Razvan Vlaicu ,
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International Economic Review