Ground-level ozone remains a serious problem in the United States. Because ozone non-attainment is a summer problem, episodic rather than continuous controls of ozone precursors are possible. We evaluate the costs and emissions reductions of a program that requires people to buy permits to drive on high-ozone days. We estimate the demand function for permits based on a survey of 1,300 households in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area.
Getting Cars Off the Road: The Cost-Effectiveness of an Episodic Pollution Control ProgramMaureen Cropper, Yi Jiang, Anna Alberini and Patrick Baur ,
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Environmental and Resource Economics