The Distribution Sector and the Development Process: Are There Patterns? Yes

James H. Anderson and Roger R. Betancourt , Economic Inquiry 40(2) , 166-176 , April 2002.

Using an increasing returns specification for distribution, an inverted U pattern between the share of distribution in gross domestic product and the level of development is shown to arise. A cross-section time-series data set is constructed and merged with one used to analyze the service sector. In contrast to the rising pattern found for services, an average time-series relation that exhibits an inverted U pattern is established. The empirical results are robust, for example, to choice of functional form and country and time period coverage. A similar pattern is found in the average cross-section (country) relation between distribution and development.

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