Fertility and female labor supply in Latin America: new causal evidence

Guillermo Cruces and Sebastian Galiani , Labour Economics 14(3) , 565-573 , June 2007.

We study the effect of fertility on maternal labour supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and there are fewer formal facilities for childcare. 

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