We contrast the spatial mismatch hypothesis with what we term the racial mismatch hypothesis – that the problem is not a lack of jobs, per se, where blacks live, but a lack of jobs where blacks live into which blacks are hired. We first report new evidence on the spatial mismatch hypothesis, using data from Census Long-Form respondents.
Spatial Mismatch or Racial Mismatch?David Neumark, Judith K. Hellerstein and Melissa McInerney ,
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Journal of Urban Economics