Mom-and-Pop Meet Big-Box: Complements or Substitutes?
John C. Haltiwanger, Ron Jarmin, and C. J. Krizan ,
( 67 )
Journal of Urban Economics

In part due to the popular perception that Big-Boxes displace smaller, often family owned (a.k.a. Mom-and-Pop) retail establishments, several empirical studies have examined the evidence on how Big-Boxes’ impact local retail employment but no clear consensus has emerged. To help shed light on this debate, we exploit establishment-level data with detailed location information from a single metropolitan area to quantify the impact of Big-Box store entry and growth on nearby single unit and local chain stores.

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