The historical pattern of the demographic transition suggests that fertility declines follow mortality declines, followed by a rise in human capital accumulation and economic growth. The HIV/AIDS epidemic threatens to reverse this path. We utilize recent rounds of the Demographic and Health Surveys that link an individual woman’s fertility outcomes to her HIV status based on testing.
HIV and Fertility in Africa: First-Evidence from Population Based SurveysChinhui Juhn, Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan and Belgi Turan ,
3( 26 )
Journal of Population Economics